The building was designed in the late 1930s in the so-called “Stalin Empire style”, architect A. M. Dukelsky.
The headquarters complex was ordered by the Ural military district (in 2001 Ural and Volga districts were combined and formed the Volga-Urals military district, which in turn was combined with the western part of the Siberian district in 2010 to form the current Central military district) for its commanding officers.
The composition of the complex reflects theoretical and practical aspects of the new approach to block formation in Soviet architecture of the 1930s – multifunctional construction with use of space within the block and ensemble structure. The complex includes the headquarters building, cafeteria, two residential buildings, and sports club – all interconnected compositionally and functionally.
The monumental U-shaped building of the Central Military District Headquarters is exemplary of the so-called “Stalin Empire style”. The rectangular frieze of its façade is decorated with symbols of Red Army’s invincibility – heavy tanks and a giant aircraft “Maxim Gorky”.
Right in front of the building there’s a monument to marshal Georgiy Zhukov by sculptor K. Grunberg installed here to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Victory in WWII simultaneously with a similar monument on Manezhnaya Square in Moscow.
According to many opinions, the Ural monument is better than its Moscow counterpart: the marshal himself depicted stocky and thickset like in real life, and his horse is a powerful draught, not a subtle Moscow trotter. The location for this monument was chosen for a reason – in the late 1940s – early 1950s Zhukov was the head of the Ural military district.